PHAROS

General

The PHAROS database in Austria is run by the Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES). The provision of data is regulated by the following law: “Veterinär-Antibiotika-Mengenströme-Verordnung” BGBl. II Nr. 83/2014. Due to its statutory nature, it is relevant to 100% of the farms in the sectors pigs, dairy cows, beef cattle, broilers, laying hens, turkeys, goats and sheep.

Data collection

Animal subcategories: Weight categories are distinguished only in pigs: sows, finishers, weaners and others. For poultry, data are collected at batch level.

Input: The role of vets is to provide the amount of AMU dispensed to the farm or batch. Farmers can voluntarily provide health data of poultry and dairy cattle. In addition to data from vets and farmers, PHAROS receives data, to calculate the Austrian AMU indicator, on the number of animals on farms on a specific cut-off date from the following organisations: Agrarmarkt Austria Marketing database, the Veterinary Information System database, the cattle data network and the Poultry Health Data organisation. The number of animals on farm is then multiplied with the estimated number of animal movements to calculate the Austrian indicator.

Analysis

Analysis at farm level is done using the dose-based unit of measurement DDDvet as defined by EMA[1]. The associated indicator n DDDvet/kg/year is calculated using animal liveweights established at national level by the AGES.

[1] http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Other/2016/04/WC500205410.pdf.

Benchmarking & Reporting

At the moment a benchmark system for vets is under development and shall be included in the PHAROS data base by the end of the year. Farm-level results are not communicated directly back to the farms. A general report is published once a year on the AGES website. Results are discussed at the meeting of the chief veterinary officers of the federal provinces (Bundesländer) and are also presented at the annual antibiotic awareness day and at the annual meeting of the pharmaceutical industry and wholesalers.